This Day in History: July
01: July 19, 1799: Rosetta Stone Discovered
The Rosetta Stone—a rock inscribed with parallel passages of ancient Greek writing, Egyptian hieroglyphs, and Demotic script—has had quite a history. Follow this chapter of its transient story involving Napoleon and what the black basalt slab meant to him.
02: July 27, 1953: The Korean War Ends
Examine how the Korean War Veterans Memorial came into being and how its different elements pay tribute to the troops and civilians who were involved in the conflict.
03: July 6, 1885: Louis Pasteur Prevents Rabies
After being mauled by a rabid dog on the way to school, a nine-year-old boy named Joseph Meister is brought to the lab of French scientist Louis Pasteur.
04: July 16, 1872: Roald Amundsen Is Born
Amundsen lived a life of unparalleled adventure, leading the first successful expedition through the Northwest Passage and the first airship flight over the North Pole. But his greatest achievement was undoubtedly his race to the South Pole against British explorer Robert Falcon Scott.
05: July 20, 1969: One Giant Leap for Mankind
This day in history, July 20, 1969 … at 4:17 pm eastern daylight time, the Apollo 11 lunar module Eagle lands. That same night, American astronaut Neil Armstrong becomes the first human being to set foot on the moon, followed 19 minutes later by Buzz Aldrin.
06: July 18, 1817: Jane Austen Dies
It’s said that when Jane Austen died, her family wanted to keep her authorship a secret and out of the public eye. Join Professor Devoney Looser to uncover the full story of how Austen’s life and writing were portrayed after her death, also looking at what built her posthumous fame. The truth is far more complicated than what was speculated at the time.
07: July 30, 762: Baghdad Is Founded
Baghdad has been described as one of the least hospitable places in the world, but it’s founding on July 30, 762, served as a turning point in the history of the Middle East. Join Professor Eamonn Gearon to see how Baghdad, the political center of the Muslim world at the time, would have a role—and importance—unlike any other urban center on Earth.
08: July 13, 586 BCE: Solomon’s Temple Is Destroyed
On or near this date, the temple of the Israelite King Solomon, described in great detail in the Old Testament, was destroyed by the Babylonians. Very little of Solomon’s temple survives today. But one artifact that matches a biblical description offers us a possible glimpse into that long-ago time and place.
09: July 28, 1939: The Sutton Hoo Helmet Is Found
On July 28, 1939, archaeologists excavating the mounds of Sutton Hoo dug up part of an extravagant ship burial, rich with Anglo-Saxon artifacts. The discovery, known as the Sutton Hoo Helmet, still stands as one of the most important archaeological finds on the island of Britain.
10: July 4, 2012: The Discovery of the Higgs Boson Is Announced
Take a fascinating dive into the world of modern particle physics and see how the Higgs is the missing piece of a scientific puzzle that helps us understand the "rules" for the universe.
11: July 26, 1953: Fidel Castro Attacks the Moncada Army Barracks
The revolution led by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara is one of the most captivating stories of the 20th century, in part because it represented a proxy fight between US capitalists and Soviet communists. Discover more about the dramatic sequence of events on a small island that changed the world.