Thinking about Religion and Violence

Join an award-winning religion professor for a startling, open-minded examination of the connection between human spirituality and violence.
Thinking about Religion and Violence is rated 4.2 out of 5 by 52.
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Rated 4 out of 5 by from Thought-provoking I found this course to be thought-provoking and generally very good. I did find the occasional out-of-context quotation of Bible verses to be troubling. The Bible is a complex collection of writings of a variety of types. Taking one verse out of context may lead to misunderstandings or meaning ... just as taking one line out of a Shakespeare play might give a misleading idea of the play's plot and action. The Biblical book "Revelation" is discussed at several points in the course. I'd like to recommend another Great Course to anyone wanting more information: "The Apocalypse: Controversies and Meaning in Western History" by Dr. Craig R. Koester. Also, during the lesson about the Crusades (and I am not supporting the Crusades), I wanted to ask about the earlier conquest of North Africa and Spain. How do the conquests of these Christian communities, conquests that pre-dated the Crusades, relate to the Crusades? And to later Islamic military campaigns in southern Italy, the Balkans, Hungary, and Austria?
Date published: 2021-06-12
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Smart and well-balanced examination. Addressing a numbingly opaque and dreaded part of human experience, Prof. Bivins provides a useful overview and maps avenues of understanding to help one begin to imagine possible ways of addressing religious violence without accelerating it.
Date published: 2021-05-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Insightful, Balanced, Well-Done Based on the reviews, course expectations were widely varied, and ratings seem based to a large extent on the viewer's own perspectives on religion, especially with regard to particular religions' relation to violence both through history and in our very problematic present. A number of reviewers also objected to specific events not receiving the attention they felt the events deserved. For me, this is an excellent course, covering a vast range of the history of religious violence, and giving both historical and psychosocial analyses of their causes as propounded by many scholars through the ages. In 24 lectures it is clearly impossible to cover all significant instances (religious violence is a pretty consistent part of human history), and of course some will feel their preferred religion to have been presented unfairly, and those in opposition to have received favored treatment. As a non-religious person, but one with a sincere and profound respect for the good which religions offer humanity, I found the course remarkably fair, balanced, and unbiased. And Professor Bivins is outstanding - highly knowledgeable, organized, clear, eloquent, and insightful. I cannot imagine a better brief review of this extremely complex topic. My only slight disappointment was to be expected: The ultimate lecture, "What We Can Do about Religious Violence", is as well-done as the rest of the course, and goes into often helpful detail about various approaches. But, essentially, it comes down to: try to better understand ourselves, try to better understand others, and "we should all try to get along." Audio or video would be fine. And the Course Guidebook is quite complete and well done. So - This course has my highest recommendation for any with an interest in this area. If you come to it without expectations about the conclusions you would like to hear, I think you will enjoy (if that's not an inappropriate word to use in this context) and appreciate it. Regardless, it is certainly a crucial area for humankind's consideration.
Date published: 2020-11-11
Rated 3 out of 5 by from My Review for Thinking about Religion and Violence This course is comprehensive; it covers topics that I have never even thought about. It covers religions from Buddism, Hinduism, and Native American religions as well as Abrahamic faiths. Professor Bivens had some very interesting lectures; others were more foundational. One trouble with this course is that the professor is fast paced. By that I mean he moves on to the next paragraph, the next thought before I have fully comprehended what he had just said. This is more problematic for some viewers when the viewer does not have much knowledge about some religions, such as Hinduism for me. The viewer may want to view some lectures twice. This is why I ranked this course 3 stars. The content merits 5 stars because of its breath and depth. The vocabulary here is college level.
Date published: 2020-03-02
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Mildly Disappointing Due to the title of the course, and the description of the content, I expected a course much different than the reality. On a surface level one would think that “Religion” and “Violence” should be incompatible. The title suggests that “Thinking” about this strange pairing would be the thrust of the discussions. I did not find this to be the case. Professor Bivins was knowledgeable on the relationship, but sort of hopped around not truly confronting the issue: why has religion been a primary contributor and underpinning of societal violence instead of a bulwark against it. This primary question was largely “danced” around and not fully confronted. All manner of excuses were made, in the guise of historical context. Individual responsibility was either ignored or minimized. Religion was properly shown to be one of the undergirding causes of violence. But not why it did not fulfill, what one would suppose was one of its primary purposes - that is to reduce violence. Far too much time was spent using various forms of Christianity to support his thesis. Islam should have been discussed to a far greater extent; both the positive and negative interfacing with the topic. Eastern religions were mentioned but sparingly, and often not on point. The input of ancient religions was sorely lacking, as were most indigenous belief systems. This is not to say the course had no value, it just didn’t attack the primary topic introduced. There was much to be gleaned from the examples and the interplay of what Bivins did discuss. He just fell short of getting to the crux of the introduced topic.
Date published: 2020-02-24
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Unbiased examination presents even case These series of lectures examine a subject that is often ignored in an even and unbiased way. The connection of violence in religion can not be disputed. Everything from terrorists to self-immolation is brought to light in these informative lectures. I learned a lot from this series both from a historical and social perspective. All religions and their beliefs are covered extensively and the lectures often go beyond sacred texts and halls. Civil rights, witch trials, and cults are all explored though there are some ommissions. The professor is engaging as a lecturer and is not overwhelmed by the weight of his subject matter. Full of information and insight he gives a complete picture of the topic with no frills. These series of lectures certainly gave me some insight into how much violence has influenced religion and vice-versa.
Date published: 2019-10-21
Rated 2 out of 5 by from USA / christian centric material Overall, I have to say I didn't like the course. It was too USA focused, too christian focused, and lacked comparisons to draw the ultimate conclusions about why religions tend to be violent. There was not an overall perspective but too much detail presented. The author's attitude was annoying at first, and I tended to zone out because I felt I got the message again and again it wasn't religions being violent or causing violence, it was the other conditions; culture, etc. The section on Islam and violence was especially weak. What I expected was overall conclusions about why religions are violent: ie, perhaps there would be meta-evidence to suggest that people joining religions are more violent, or have a lower IQ, or some such. The professor failed to provide comparisons to non-religious parts of the world, ie, japan and rates of violence. Overall there was not a lot of data, a lot of historical anecdotes and a lot of PC vibes.
Date published: 2019-10-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from A very good non-biased course I liked this course, in fact, a lot, as the author followed a non-biased attitude towards different religions. There were a couple of misconceptions about Islam & its relationship with violence (in my view), but compared with what I get from other sources, it was negligible. Highly recommended.
Date published: 2019-09-14
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In Thinking about Religion and Violence, award-winning Professor Jason C. Bivins takes you on a global, 24-lecture investigation of the roots of religious violence that offers more informed ways of thinking about it. You'll consider how faiths view concepts like human sacrifice and martyrdom; the ways religious violence can be directed toward specific races and genders; and concepts like heresy and demonology.


Jason C. Bivins
Jason C. Bivins

If you can raise questions, think through competing considerations, assess the range of principles and practices at stake in what goes into making religious violence, you’re already in a different conceptual world. And if that world is one in which it’s harder to discriminate or mistreat others, then I think you’ll be on the right path.


North Carolina State University

Jason C. Bivins is a Professor of Religious Studies in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at North Carolina State University. He received his B.A. in Religion from Oberlin College and his Ph.D. in Religious Studies from Indiana University. Professor Bivins has taught at North Carolina State University since 2000 and has received several teaching awards there.


Professor Bivins specializes in religion and American culture, focusing particularly on the intersection between religions and politics since 1900. His books include Spirits Rejoice! Jazz and American Religion (named an Outstanding Academic Title of 2015 by Choice); Religion of Fear: The Politics of Horror in Conservative Evangelicalism (named a 2008 Outstanding Academic Title selected by Choice); and The Fracture of Good Order: Christian Antiliberalism and the Challenge to American Politics. His books have received coverage from both mainstream and academic media, including National Public Radio, The Washington Times, and Religion Dispatches.


Professor Bivins has also published articles, book chapters, review essays, and pieces on religion, politics, and culture in the United States, as well as on theory and method in the study of religion. Regularly interviewed by newspapers, podcasts, radio shows, and other public media, Professor Bivins serves on multiple committees in the American Academy of Religion and was a section coeditor for Religion Compass.

By This Professor

Thinking about Religion and Violence


Religion and Violence: A Strange Nexus

01: Religion and Violence: A Strange Nexus

What is the essence of religious violence? What are the historical trends that explain the relationship between religious beliefs and violence? What are some problematic ways we often frame the issue of religious violence? Begin your exploration of these and other perplexing questions about this complex subject.

31 min
Defining Religion and Violence

02: Defining Religion and Violence

Get a solid introduction to different ways of recognizing and studying religion as a way to start making sense of religious violence. Central to this lecture is the idea that religion and violence exist in a fluid relationship, which can make the boundary between religious and non-religious identities fuzzy as well.

29 min
Violence in Sacred Texts

03: Violence in Sacred Texts

Explore the special power and authority that sacred texts have for religious practitioners, and how some people invoke these stories and images to legitimize violence. Consider several prevalent themes found in sacred texts like the Bible, the Bhagavad-Gita, and the Qur’an: vengeful deities, holy wars, and holy suffering.

31 min
Martyrdom, Sacrifice, and Self-Harm

04: Martyrdom, Sacrifice, and Self-Harm

Sacrifice is one of the most fundamental building blocks of religion. Here, examine how and why people commit self-harm and sacrifice for religious purposes. Topics include animal sacrifice during India’s Vedic period, self-denial and asceticism (such as vows of celibacy), and religious suicides from ancient Rome to the modern era.

31 min
Scapegoating and Demonology

05: Scapegoating and Demonology

Discover how religious violence is almost always justified by portraying its targets as something other than human, or as malevolent. Professor Bivins explains how the social process of Other-ing has led religions to process and create fear through scapegoats, demons and monsters, false gods, and Antichrist figures.

31 min
Understanding Witch Trials

06: Understanding Witch Trials

One of the most effective ways of demonstrating religious power is through trial and punishment. Examine the use of law and the meanings of public displays of violence as seen in historical cases of witch hunting and witch trials. Witches, it turns out, are in many ways more reviled than demons.

31 min
The Apocalyptic Outlook

07: The Apocalyptic Outlook

For humans, the world is always about to end. Using examples like the People’s Temple, the Branch Davidians, and Aum Shinrikyo, as well as 19th-century America, explore the meanings of apocalypticism as a form of human meaning-making, as well as its role in the phenomenon of religious violence.

30 min
Racial Violence and Religion

08: Racial Violence and Religion

Focus here on a very specific aspect of Other-ing: the idea of different races as the objects of religious violence. First, examine how religions generate racial ideas. Then, take a closer look at two very different expressions of racial religion: white supremacist Christianity and the Nation of Islam.

31 min
Religion and Violence against Women

09: Religion and Violence against Women

In this lecture, investigate the gendering of religious language and the treatment of women’s bodies in religious practices like menstrual seclusion and self-sacrifice. Also, study the anxiety around women that occurred during the Salem witch trials, as well as competing interpretations of women’s freedom and constraint in Islam.

31 min
Sexuality, Morality, and Punishment

10: Sexuality, Morality, and Punishment

How have religious traditions responded to sexuality with demonization, social constraint, and physical assault? What are some of the oldest, most outlandish forms of religious self-discipline? How has religious and political persecution worked to target specific issues related to sexuality and morality (specifically abortion and homosexuality)?

33 min
Heresies and Their Suppression

11: Heresies and Their Suppression

Generally speaking, heresies exist in every religious tradition. Professor Bivins explains how religious violence can consist not only of physical harm against people or groups but of legal constraints, denials of basic liberties, and misrepresentation. Examples you’ll consider include Pope Gregory IX’s heresy courts and the trial of Galileo.

32 min
Religion and Just War Theory

12: Religion and Just War Theory

When is it permissible to go to war? Learn how Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, Christians, and Muslims have all wrestled—morally, conceptually, strategically—with questions about how to balance religious ideals with real-world conflicts, and how religions define violence in the context of war as a necessary, limited evil.

30 min
Peace as a Religious Ideal

13: Peace as a Religious Ideal

While sacred texts contain passages on warfare and violence, they also contain maxims, stories, and images exhorting believers to peace. What are the challenges of pacifism? Examine the issue through three historical cases: Mahatma Gandhi, 20th-century American Catholic pacifism, and the Muslim scholar Sheikh al-Hajj Salim Suwari.

32 min
War Gods and Holy War

14: War Gods and Holy War

Focus on the role of war gods in human cultures and sacred texts. Then, take an extended look at the medieval Crusades, as well as Cold War religious imagery. It turns out the roots of war gods aren’t as removed from our present day as we’d like to think.

31 min
Religious Violence in Israel

15: Religious Violence in Israel

A big challenge in understanding interreligious conflict is figuring out the role national identity plays. See why this is the case in modern-day Israel, where conflicts between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam demonstrate the fractious experience of overlapping histories and the limits of secular power in a complex religious world.

31 min
Religious Violence in India

16: Religious Violence in India

First, look at the historical relationship of religious ethics to public life in India. Then, consider the legacy of colonialism in contributing to the rise of interreligious violence (especially surrounding Sikhism). Last, examine the Hindu hyper-nationalism known as Hindutva and the widely-discussed phenomenon called Saffron Terror.

32 min
Religion’s Relationship with Slavery

17: Religion’s Relationship with Slavery

How have religions wrestled with—but also condoned—the brutal institution of slavery (especially in the United States of America)? What you’ll learn in this eye-opening lecture is that, while some of slavery’s most powerful critics have been full-throated religious practitioners, the same can be said of slavery’s defenders.

30 min
Native Americans and Religious Violence

18: Native Americans and Religious Violence

Trace the role of violence in and around Native American traditions. How common is land displacement or outright theft? What’s the relationship between competing gods and vengeful ghosts? Is the story of indigenous peoples inseparable from colonialism and imperialism, which are often motivated to eradicate indigenous faiths?

30 min
Violence and “Cults”

19: Violence and “Cults”

Study the key characteristics that make a group a “cult,” including a desire for authenticity and a new pattern of life that breaks with mainstream culture. Then, use Mormonism, China’s Falun Gong, and the Solar Temple as ways to explore why some new religions provoke violence and others practice it.

29 min
Anti-Catholicism in Europe and America

20: Anti-Catholicism in Europe and America

In the first of two lectures on the power of stereotypes and misrepresentation to justify religious violence, look at how church reformers in Europe and the United States of America produced a series of enduring, negative images and stereotypes of Catholics: as degenerate, orgiastic, drunken, and power-mad.

31 min
The Persistence of Anti-Semitism

21: The Persistence of Anti-Semitism

Turn now to one of the more glaring and persistent traditions of anti-religious violence: anti-Semitism. Why has this form of historical suffering become an intimate component of Jewish identity? How is it portrayed in scriptural stories like Exodus, as well as modern-day moments of persecution and social marginalization?

31 min
Islam, Violence, and Islamophobia

22: Islam, Violence, and Islamophobia

Here, look at Islam and violence from different perspectives. Shed light on the negative stereotypes and representations common to discrimination against Muslims. Explore how Islamophobia depends on generalization and exaggeration, then consider Muslim theological sources of violence in the modern world, as well as significant examples of Islamic revolution.

32 min
Religion and Terrorism

23: Religion and Terrorism

In this lecture, do more than just focus on how to define terrorism. Instead, try and understand how and why terrorists see the world as they do—a task worth undertaking if we’re serious about understanding contemporary problems with religious violence. Your case studies here: Gush Emunim, Hezbollah, and al-Qaeda.

31 min
What We Can Do About Religious Violence

24: What We Can Do About Religious Violence

How can we change a world that produces so much religious violence? Professor Bivins starts with tools for individuals and proceeding from there through communities, nations, and international institutions. The important thing: to think concretely about religious violence rather than be numbed into fear or inaction.

33 min