The World's Greatest Geological Wonders

Tour Earth's great diversity and beauty in this awe-inspiring course that visits the most amazing natural wonders in the world and explains the geology that underlies them.
The World's Greatest Geological Wonders is rated 4.7 out of 5 by 340.
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Rated 5 out of 5 by from Dr. Wysesslon's Enthusiasm Is Infectious Bravo! I thoroughly enjoyed this course! Of course, it's a survey course so it's short on detail, but the professor opened my eyes to a new way of seeing these wonders, many of which I have actually visited. Hint: If you find his speech a bit slow at times, increasing the speed in the Settings works wonders! He doesn't sound rushed; he sounds the way he looks -- extremely excited!
Date published: 2021-08-18
Rated 5 out of 5 by from One of the best courses on Wondrium! I love this course! It's one of my favorites. I learned so much about the world and its stunning geological features. This is an equivalent of not being able to put a book down - absolutely fascinating!
Date published: 2021-08-03
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Thank You Prof. Wysession, Spectacular Lectures !! This lecture series, The World's Greatest Geological Wonders, ought to be a mandatory course for everyone, what a great way to learn about the earth's natural wonders, in quick, bite size 30 minute chunks. Prof Wysession can make any subject interesting as he shares amazing photos, details, and data. He makes this series so enjoyable many people interested in travel, history or geology may very well want to watch the whole thing twice, my wife and I certainly will. This course is highly appropriate for almost any age group, from 9 to 90. I truly hope prof Wysession produces more such video lectures (be sure to do the videos, don't miss out on all the photos and charts). What a gift to curious minds!! Watch this video series and then go see some of Earth's amazing features for yourself. We are !!
Date published: 2021-07-24
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Astounding The course comes across as a cruise ship lecture: enjoyable, focused insight by a highly polished lecturer. It is better organized than his other TGC course "How the Earth Works," as his limited mineralogy is now site specific and better helps you recognize minerals in the field. Mineral geochemistry is better understood in TGC's "The Origin & Evolution of Earth" (Hazen) or "Nature of Earth" (Renton). Wysessions' animations and demonstrations are marvelously timed and their content is spot on. His frequent use of plate tectonic animations keep the listener oriented to time and geo-position. It is why this "Wonders" course is markedly superior to Ford Cochran's aimless "Wonders of the National Parks". Having had to use paper maps of tectonic eras in the field over the years, I really appreciate such powerful teaching aids. CLIMATE CHANGE: I will use his Climate Change theme as example of balanced, thorough teaching. Though climate has changed throughout history and thus "climate change" would seem to be a nonsense descriptor, some believe we may one day be able to "control" climate via (among other theories, L26) spraying sulphuric acid high in the atmosphere to "stabilize" climate change (at 1/100th the cost of reducing CO2). While still "pie in the sky", this POV suggests that climate change could become climate stability. Yet it's not that simple. He reminds us of the disastrous 1815 Tambora eruption whose 1816 "year without a summer" brought horrendous starvation and the French Revolution. Adding sulphuric acid cooling to eruption cooling (many eruptions are long overdue) might prove disastrous. He also acknowledges that without the modern production of CO2, we would now be in an Ice Age due to "variations in the eccentricity of Earth's orbit, combined with the tilt & procession of its axis" (L14 & courses above). Additionally, Sun output variations have caused significant temperature divergences such as the Medieval Warm Period, the Little Ice Age, and contribute to today's warming (L28). Wysessions laments the eventual demise of oil/coal resources within 100 years, as a return to low global temperatures would be disastrous (L15). Why? Because cooling periods last millions, not hundreds, of years. The bottom line seems to be that without theoretical tools like sulphuric acid seeding, the only thing we presently control is CO2. Since 20,000 years ago sea level has risen 400 feet (L15) and continues to rise 3 mm a year (L9). If the ENTIRE world's ice melts, the sea could rise another 230 feet (L17). Limiting CO2 is necessary given the huge populations immediately at risk in the Ganges delta (L9) & the Maldives (L28), etc EXAMPLE: In (L20) he points out that Tidewater Glaciers' behavior is NOT a direct response to climate change. I remember an Alaskan Park Ranger's distress when I asked why a particular tidewater glacier, according to her photographs, had massively receded 200 years ago & not really changed since. Alarmed, she chanted: "Global warming! Global warming!" - as if that incantation would negate the photographs. The episode is why TGC is a valued resource. PROs: The Guidebook is excellent, requiring minimal note taking. His "4 similar sites" finishing out each lecture were always interesting. His L6 Cambrian explosion cautions were interesting. For myself, his discussion of terra rosa (L12) explained iron oxide deposition in a quarry where it was not expected. His explanation of polygonal contraction for salt flats, honeybee wax, and Devil's Tower phonolite (L18) was, for myself, an unexpected wonder of energy conservation. Loved the L29 peanut butter Dead Sea demo. SUMMARY: If you are serious about mineralogy, perhaps start with Hazen's (more complete) or Renton's (old school, deductive but easier) geo courses. Regardless, don't miss this course.
Date published: 2021-07-14
Rated 5 out of 5 by from High recommendation for any armchair traveller and student of geologic wonders of our planet.
Date published: 2021-07-13
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Informed The explanations are interesting and the visuals excellent. I buy these courses for entertainment as well as for enlightenment
Date published: 2021-07-11
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Wonderful exploration of nature The professor knows his topic and shares his enthusiasm. I've learned so much from this course. Spread across the globe, this lecture series describes and explains many of the earth's most incredible geologic formations. I highly recommend this. It requires no knowledge of geology beforehand. Wysession explains everything you need to know to understand. Great job!
Date published: 2021-07-05
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent Presenter More of a travelogue than strict geology. Much content on geological processes, but little on the actual geology of rocks. Still a very interesting course with lots of very good visuals, given by an excellent presenter. I enjoyed it thoroughly.
Date published: 2021-06-19
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Geological wonders are like great works of art. They are impressive, beautiful, mysterious, and surprising. Whether you are planning your next vacation or exploring the world from home, you owe it to your planet to know the places that make it exceptional throughout the solar system. The World's Greatest Geological Wonders: 36 Spectacular Sites is your gateway to an unrivaled adventure. In 36 lavishly illustrated lectures that are suitable for nonscientists and geology enthusiasts alike, Professor Michael E. Wysession of Washington University in St. Louis introduces you to Earth's most outstanding geological destinations. By the time you complete this course, you will have experienced more than 200 different geological wonders in nearly 120 countries.


Michael E. Wysession
Michael E. Wysession

The more you know and understand the natural world, the greater will be your love and appreciation for it.


Washington University in St. Louis
Dr. Michael E. Wysession is the Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis. Professor Wysession earned his Sc.B. in Geophysics from Brown University and his Ph.D. from Northwestern University. An established leader in seismology and geophysical education, Professor Wysession is noted for his development of a new way to create three-dimensional images of Earth's interior from seismic waves. These images have provided scientists with insights into the makeup of Earth and its evolution throughout history. Professor Wysession is the coauthor of An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure; the lead author of Physical Science: Concepts in Action; and the primary writer for the texts Earth Science, Earth's Interior, Earth's Changing Surface, and Earth's Waters. Professor Wysession received a Science and Engineering Fellowship from the David and Lucille Packard Foundation, a National Science Foundation Presidential Faculty Fellowship, and fellowships from the Kemper and Lily Foundations. He has received the Innovation Award of the St. Louis Science Academy and the Distinguished Faculty Award of Washington University. In 2005, Professor Wysession had a Distinguished Lectureship with the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology and the Seismological Society of America. In 2014, Wysession received the inaugural Ambassador Award of the American Geophysical Union.

By This Professor

The World's Greatest Geological Wonders
The Science of Energy: Resources and Power Explained
National Geographic Polar Explorations
The World's Greatest Geological Wonders


Santorini-Impact of Volcanic Eruptions

01: Santorini-Impact of Volcanic Eruptions

Learn Professor Wysession's criteria for choosing more than 200 different geologic wonders in nearly 120 countries. Then explore the first on his list: the beautiful Greek island of Santorini, which is the relic of a volcanic eruption that had a profound effect on the ancient Mediterranean world.

33 min
Mount Fuji-Sleeping Power

02: Mount Fuji-Sleeping Power

Turn from eruptions to volcanoes themselves-in particular, Mount Fuji in Japan, a sacred site whose nearly perfect cone shape is a popular subject in Japanese art. Investigate the origin of volcanoes such as Mount Fuji and the special conditions that produce their sturdy symmetrical cones.

33 min
Galapagos Rift-Wonders of Mid-Ocean Ridges

03: Galapagos Rift-Wonders of Mid-Ocean Ridges

Continue your study of phenomena associated with plate tectonics by visiting the Galapagos Islands, made famous by Charles Darwin. This magnificent archipelago is on a volcanic hotspot near a mid-ocean ridge, formed by moving tectonic plates. Natural wonders abound in the region, both above and below water.

32 min
African Rift Valley-Cracks into the Earth

04: African Rift Valley-Cracks into the Earth

Visit the African Rift Valley, a mid-ocean ridge in the making. From the Red Sea to Mount Kilimanjaro, tectonic forces are splitting Africa apart, forming a new ocean in the process. This impressive valley is also the site of many fossil discoveries relating to early humans.

29 min
Erta Ale-Compact Fury of Lava Lakes

05: Erta Ale-Compact Fury of Lava Lakes

Zoom in on a remarkable feature of the African Rift Valley: the lava lake at Erta Ale in Ethiopia. This seething cauldron of molten rock is the oldest of the world's five active lava lakes, and it replicates on a small scale the complex process of plate tectonics.

27 min
Burgess Shale-Rocks and the Keys to Life

06: Burgess Shale-Rocks and the Keys to Life

Chart the evolution of life revealed in the extraordinary fossils of the Burgess Shale in British Columbia. This mountainside quarry records the proliferation of new organisms-both familiar and bizarre-that followed a mass extinction half a billion years ago.

31 min
The Grand Canyon-Earth's Layers

07: The Grand Canyon-Earth's Layers

Read the incredible story told in the mile-deep layers of the Grand Canyon. Investigate the canyon's formation and its connection to the opening of the Gulf of California and the birth of the San Andreas Fault. Also consider what gives the canyon its extraordinary visual effect.

31 min
The Himalayas-Mountains at Earth's Roof

08: The Himalayas-Mountains at Earth's Roof

What makes the highest mountains in the world so high? Follow the events that created Mount Everest and the rest of the Himalayan range on the vast Tibetan Plateau. Learn the role of the plateau in cooling the entire planet over the last 60 million years.

30 min
The Ganges Delta-Earth's Fertile Lands

09: The Ganges Delta-Earth's Fertile Lands

Much of the rock eroded from the Himalayas ends up in the Ganges River delta, one of the most biodiverse places on Earth. Learn how a delta forms and how the Ganges is both life-sustaining and destructive-qualities that give it a religious significance for millions of people.

30 min
The Amazon Basin-Lungs of the Planet

10: The Amazon Basin-Lungs of the Planet

The Amazon River collects rainfall from a huge region, called the Amazon basin. Trace the basin's extensive network of tributaries, which produce 20% of the fresh water that flows into the ocean. Furthermore, the basin's lush vegetation is responsible for 20% of all oxygen in the atmosphere.

31 min
Iguazu Falls-Thundering Waterfalls

11: Iguazu Falls-Thundering Waterfalls

Waterfalls are among nature's most beautiful spectacles, and the most impressive falls form under unusual geological conditions. Along the border of Brazil and Argentina, tour thundering Iguazu Falls, a display of 275 separate falls over a 1.5-mile span with individual falls up to 270 feet high. Learn their close connection to a hotspot on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

28 min
Mammoth Cave-Worlds Underground

12: Mammoth Cave-Worlds Underground

Water doesn't just flow on the surface; it also flows underground, carving caves in the process. The largest cave system in the world is Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky. Discover how groundwater excavated this network of passages that extends for at least 390 miles.

31 min
Cave of Crystals-Exquisite Caves

13: Cave of Crystals-Exquisite Caves

Focus on the spectacular shapes, such as stalagmites, stalactites, flowstones, and other cave features formed by minerals slowly precipitating from water. Then visit the recently discovered Cave of Crystals in Mexico, a science-fiction-like world with individual crystals up to 35 feet long.

30 min
Great Blue Hole-Coastal Symmetry in Sinkholes

14: Great Blue Hole-Coastal Symmetry in Sinkholes

Probe the mystery of the Great Blue Hole, an enormous submerged sinkhole ringed by a coral reef off the coast of Belize. Study the processes that create sinkholes, and investigate the nature of karst topography, which is produced by the erosion of limestone.

32 min
Ha Long Bay-Dramatic Karst Landscapes

15: Ha Long Bay-Dramatic Karst Landscapes

The picturesque limestone islands in Vietnam's Ha Long Bay are an example of mature karst topography. Discover how the bay's cone-shaped towers are related to the sinkholes in Lecture 14. The key to understanding their puzzling geology is to focus not on the rock that's there, but what's missing.

30 min
Bryce Canyon-Creative Carvings of Erosion

16: Bryce Canyon-Creative Carvings of Erosion

Continue your study of erosional features with Utah's Bryce Canyon, the densest display of weathered rock pinnacles, called hoodoos, anywhere in the world. Learn that Bryce Canyon isn't really a canyon because it hasn't been formed by a river. But then what created the hoodoos?

31 min
Uluru/Ayers Rock-Sacred Nature of Rocks

17: Uluru/Ayers Rock-Sacred Nature of Rocks

Go to Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park in Australia to inspect two popular attractions shaped by erosion: Ayres Rock, known locally as Uluru, and the Kata Tjuta rock domes. Trace the history of moving plates, rising and receding seas, and constant weathering that created these impressive structures.

32 min
Devils Tower-Igneous Enigmas

18: Devils Tower-Igneous Enigmas

Famous as the landing pad for aliens in the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Devils Tower in Wyoming is an otherworldly geological formation. Discover how this massive tower of igneous columns developed. Along the way, investigate why nature loves hexagons.

31 min
Antarctica-A World of Ice

19: Antarctica-A World of Ice

Head south to a pristine, unearthly continent: Antarctica. Explore the varied geology and the complex behavior of the giant ice sheets that flow relentlessly toward the ocean. Among its attractions, Antarctica is a superb place to test techniques for exploring cold, dry environments such as Mars.

32 min
Columbia Glacier-Unusual Glacier Cycles

20: Columbia Glacier-Unusual Glacier Cycles

Witness the power of glaciers, which carry a continuous stream of ice and rock from the tops of mountain ranges down to the base-often to the sea, such as at Columbia Glacier in Alaska. Chart the rapid retreat of Columbia Glacier since 1980, which has been triggered by climate change.

30 min
Fiordland National Park-Majestic Fjords

21: Fiordland National Park-Majestic Fjords

Visit the stunning fjords of Fiordland National Park in New Zealand, focusing on the most famous of these flooded glacial valleys, Milford Sound. The drama of the landscape is matched by tumultuous tectonic forces that are slowly ripping New Zealand apart.

32 min
Rock of Gibraltar-Catastrophic Floods

22: Rock of Gibraltar-Catastrophic Floods

The Rock of Gibraltar marks the gateway from the Mediterranean Sea into the Atlantic Ocean-a connection that has been closed on and off through recent geologic time. Explore the currents, catastrophic floods, and drastic sea-level changes that have occurred at the strait of Gibraltar and throughout the Mediterranean basin.

32 min
Bay of Fundy-Inexorable Cycle of Tides

23: Bay of Fundy-Inexorable Cycle of Tides

Why are the tides in Canada's Bay of Fundy exceptionally high? Probe the principles of tides-what causes them, why the times of high and low tide vary from day to day, and the peculiar geometry between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick that results in an extraordinary tidal range.

31 min
Hawaii-Volcanic Island Beauty

24: Hawaii-Volcanic Island Beauty

The Hawaiian Islands are part of the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain, which stretches 3,600 miles across the western Pacific Ocean. This feature is mostly straight, except for a curious sharp bend. Investigate the origin of the chain and the special qualities of its easternmost element: the big island of Hawaii.

31 min
Yellowstone-Geysers and Hot Springs

25: Yellowstone-Geysers and Hot Springs

What happens when a hotspot is beneath a continent? The answer is Yellowstone National Park, a wonderland of geysers and hot springs nestled in the gigantic caldera of a supervolcano. Tour the attractions of Yellowstone, and ponder the history and future of the hotspot that fuels it.

32 min
Kawah Ijen-World's Most Acid Lake

26: Kawah Ijen-World's Most Acid Lake

Imagine a place where steam is so acidic that it burns your lungs, where flaming, liquid sulfur condenses from that steam, and a turquoise-colored lake is filled with the equivalent of battery acid. This hellish place is the crater lake of Kawah Ijen on the island of Java in Indonesia.

32 min
Iceland-Where Fire Meets Ice

27: Iceland-Where Fire Meets Ice

Visit Iceland, a geologist's paradise where you can walk along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Iceland is a hotspot that sits atop the plate boundary that divides North and South America from Europe and Africa. Here, volcanoes and glaciers-fire and ice-coexist.

28 min
The Maldives-Geologic Paradox

28: The Maldives-Geologic Paradox

Home to some of the world's most beautiful beaches, the Maldives in the Indian Ocean show the tranquil end-stage of ocean islands built on hotspots. The volcanoes beneath this coral reef archipelago are long since dormant, and the islands themselves barely rise above sea level.

27 min
The Dead Sea-Sinking and Salinity

29: The Dead Sea-Sinking and Salinity

Begin a series of lectures on desert regions by exploring the Dead Sea. Learn why this body of water on the border between Israel and Jordan is almost nine times saltier than the ocean and has the lowest elevation of any place on Earth.

31 min
Salar de Uyuni-Flattest Place on Earth

30: Salar de Uyuni-Flattest Place on Earth

Travel to the world's largest salt flat, Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia. Almost the size of Connecticut, Uyuni is the flattest place on the planet. When it gets a very thin layer of water, it becomes the world's largest mirror. Uyuni contains the world's largest reserve of lithium-should it be mined?

30 min
Namib/Kalahari Deserts-Sand Mountains

31: Namib/Kalahari Deserts-Sand Mountains

Contrast two of the world's most fascinating deserts, the Namib and Kalahari deserts in southern Africa. The Atlantic shoreline of the Namib Desert has been aptly named the Skeleton Coast. The Kalahari Desert includes the mighty Okavango River, which empties into the arid landscape and then disappears.

32 min
Siwa Oasis-Paradise amidst Desolation

32: Siwa Oasis-Paradise amidst Desolation

Located in the eastern Sahara Desert, Siwa is an island of water in a giant sea of sand. Investigate how an oasis with 1,000 springs can exist in one of the driest places on Earth. One clue is that the water beneath Siwa soaked into the ground more than 20 million years ago.

29 min
Auroras-Light Shows on the Edge of Space

33: Auroras-Light Shows on the Edge of Space

Investigate a stunning atmospheric phenomenon caused by events both inside Earth and in outer space. The shimmering colors of auroras result when particles from the solar wind are accelerated in Earth's magnetic field, which is generated by Earth's churning iron core.

32 min
Arizona Meteor Crater-Visitors from Outer Space

34: Arizona Meteor Crater-Visitors from Outer Space

Meteor Crater in Arizona is the best preserved of Earth's few remaining impact craters. Why does the moon have more than 500,000 craters at least as large? Explore what happens when extraterrestrial debris strikes Earth at escape-velocity speeds. A relatively small object can do a surprising amount of damage.

30 min
A Montage of Geologic Mini-Wonders

35: A Montage of Geologic Mini-Wonders

In an entertaining change of pace, watch a countdown of 10 geological wonders that are hard to classify, from number 10-the White Cliffs of Dover-to number 1-a geological mystery in Death Valley that would seem like a hoax if it weren't true.

31 min
Planetary Wonders-Out of This World

36: Planetary Wonders-Out of This World

Tour some of the amazing geological features beyond Earth, among them planet-circling lava flows on Venus and the solar system's largest volcano and canyon on Mars. Close with the hydrocarbon lakes on Saturn's moon Titan, proving that there is no end to geological wonders throughout the cosmos.

39 min