The Greek World: A Study of History and Culture

Take a fresh look at the phenomenal legacy of the ancient Greeks and immerse yourself in the spectrum of Greek achievements that have so deeply imprinted Western civilization.
The Greek World: A Study of History and Culture is rated 4.8 out of 5 by 38.
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Rated 5 out of 5 by from Broad Overview The approach takes the class through a quick history of Greece to begin. While we all think we know Greece to some extent, this fills a lot of gaps as well as clarifying basics. Dr. Garland then takes us through various cultural elements in an easy to understand way, once again at a rather rapid pace rather than getting bogged down in subjects that could be the bases of entire classes. The professor certainly seems to care deeply for the subject. I wouldn't take this class in lieu of going to Greece and taking some guided excursions, but it's a good overview in preparation for such a trip, if you want to be the star of the tour group. I've cruised the Greek Isles three times and learned more on each trip, but this class made it obvious that I have only scratched the surface. I'm ready to return on another cruise. As a cruise consultant myself, I strongly recommend a smaller ship that visits some little ports big ships can't reach, and also not to ignore Turkey, which is closely knit with Greece. Like Professor Garland, I find great value in understanding the Greek foundation of Western Civilization. and I personally have always been proud of our cultural heritage. I think young people who now seem to be ashamed of being the product of Western Civilization in general and American in particular would benefit from this course to help them understand where it started and gain perspectives about this present moment being the epitome of civilization thus far, despite all its obvious flaws.
Date published: 2021-06-01
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Expanded my understanding of ancient Greece I spent a month in Greece in the early 1970's. I have visited many of the places he talked about. These lectures made so many things come to life again for me.
Date published: 2021-05-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Another wonderful history professor Professor Garland is one of my favorite three TTC history professors (the others are Harl and Daileader). He has the most essential quality for any teacher: a rabid enthusiasm for his subject. Strong pinions always accompany enthusiasm, and Garland isn't shy about expressing his. You're free to disagree. The course is fascinating and studded with little gems, such as how Galen was lost to the West and then recovered via the East, and how some traditionally "Greek" foods probably really were acquired from other cultures. (Incidentally, both these anecdotes illustrate the fallacy of "Cultural Appropriation".) I highly recommend this course even if you think you already know a lot about Greek culture. Choose video as the illustrations are important. And would be a kindness for someone to direct Professor Garland to a decent tailor. I'm not a fashionista but his checked suit, which he wore for 22 out of the 24 lectures, made my eyes hurt.
Date published: 2021-05-16
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent Lots of information coupled with great teaching...
Date published: 2021-05-10
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Pandering and patronising Although clearly an expert in his field, his presentation of the matter in hand seems to be more emotionally, politically, and ideologically based rather than rationally presenting facts, observations, and reality of how things were. Claiming that ancient Greece was "migogynistic" is projecting your own political views on the matter; show me a culture from 2000-4000 BP where the women were among the rulers. Saying "I dislike Sparta" because it's was a totalitarian society Is just patronising. Yes, yse they were. Please let me make my own mind about it. Constantly making references to Hitler and Nazis is irrelevant, just again projecting modern talking points and "liberalistic" ideas on ancient cultures. And all this (and much more) within five first lectures. I think I'll skip all his lectures; Edwin Barnhart presents ancient Andean cultures in not at all less enthusiastic and vivid way, but without projecting moder ideas / values / talking points to the matter at hand. Furthermore, the lectures seem somewhat incoherent and moving from topic to topic, which makes it less compelling to watch / listen to.
Date published: 2021-05-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excelent course I love how he compares stuff to our world today. Extremely educational course that everyone should listen to.
Date published: 2021-04-09
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Storyteller It was delightful to go on a journey through Ancient Greece with such a great storyteller as our guide.
Date published: 2021-04-07
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Terrific class! I enjoyed this class immensely and ran through the course lectures in just a couple of days. I had not taken a course with Dr. Garland before but found him to be an excellent lecturer, a dry sense of humor which he does add by the way, and very passionate about Ancient Greece. His love of Homer and his ability of communicate the importance of the 2 works to modern audiences was exciting and passionate. His love of Greek dramas/theatre is obvious and inspiring. His lectures on sculpture and vase painting were wonderful and I could have had him spend several lectures on these topics. I look forward to watching Dr. Garland'S course on the Other Side of History as he is clearly interested in going beyond the "great men" aspects of history to introduce us to the experiences of a wide range of Greek and Roman citizens we might normally not hear about!
Date published: 2021-04-03
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The ancient Greeks, more than any other early culture, have given us the template for Western civilization. This course takes you from the great Classical and Hellenistic eras through Greece's dramatic modern history. You'll discover Greek culture in examples such as: Athenian democracy; Greek religious beliefs; Greek drama, epic poetry, and philosophy; and Greek sculpture, vase painting, and architecture.


Robert Garland
Robert Garland

Working for the Great Courses enables me to reach people who prize learning for learning's sake. It's they who inspire me to close the gap between past and present, by demonstrating what it meant then, and what it means now, to be human.


Colgate University

Dr. Robert S.J. Garland is the Roy D. and Margaret B. Wooster Professor of the Classics at Colgate University. He earned his B.A. in Classics from Manchester University, his M.A. in Classics from McMaster University, and his Ph.D. in Ancient History from University College London. A former Fulbright Scholar and recipient of the George Grote Ancient History Prize, Professor Garland has educated students and audiences at a variety of levels. In addition to teaching classics at Colgate University, he has taught English and Drama to secondary school students and lectured at universities throughout Britain as well as the British School of Archaeology in Athens. Professor Garland is the author of numerous articles in both academic and popular journals and books capturing details of all aspects of ancient Greek and Roman life, including The Greek Way of Life: From Conception to Old Age; Introducing New Gods: The Politics of Athenian Religion; and Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks. His expertise has been featured in The History Channel's Last Stand of the 300, and he has repeatedly served as a consultant for educational film companies.

By This Professor

The Greek World: A Study of History and Culture


Why Study the Greek World?

01: Why Study the Greek World?

Examine the many compelling reasons to study the ancient Greeks, from their phenomenal art and architecture to their philosophy, religion, and inventions of drama and democracy. Consider how we identify the Greeks, in cultural, historical and linguistic terms. Finally, note the influence of Greece’s landscape and physical environment on the development and character of Greek civilization.

33 min
Bronze Age Greece: Minoans and Myceneans

02: Bronze Age Greece: Minoans and Myceneans

Trace the origins of human habitation on the mainland and islands of Greece. Study the Bronze Age cultures of the Cycladic islands; the famed Minoan civilization centered on Crete, with its palaces and religious ritual; and the Mycenaean civilization, with its monumental architecture and cultural artifacts. Learn about Mycenae’s connection with the Trojan War, and what may have led to its collapse.

34 min
Dark Age and Archaic Greece

03: Dark Age and Archaic Greece

Grasp the contours of Greece’s Dark Age (1100-750 B.C.E.), an era of restricted trade and a breakdown of centralized power. Take note of the achievements of this epoch, such as iron technology, the Greek alphabet, and the advent of the Olympic Games. In the following Archaic Period, chart Greece’s geographical expansion, creation of city-states, invention of coinage, and movement toward democracy.

32 min
Classical Greece: The Age of Pericles

04: Classical Greece: The Age of Pericles

Take an overview of Greece’s Classical Age, an astonishing period of human accomplishment, which the course will treat in detail. Explore defining events of the period, from the 479 B.C.E. defeat of the Persians, through the period of the Peloponnesian War, to the emergence of Macedonia as a great power and the exploits of Alexander. Learn about major innovations of the era, and discover the unique nature of Spartan society.

33 min
Alexander the Great: Greek Culture Spreads

05: Alexander the Great: Greek Culture Spreads

The conquests of Alexander the Great gave birth to the world we call Hellenistic. Observe how Alexander’s military expansionism brought a vast geographical area under the influence of Greek civilization. Note how the conquered peoples embraced Hellenistic culture, how Alexander’s empire fragmented after his death, and how the majestic city of Alexandria became a major center of learning.

33 min
Greece, Rome, Byzantium, and Baghdad

06: Greece, Rome, Byzantium, and Baghdad

Explore the fascinating and conflicted relationship between the Greeks and their Roman conquerors. Take account of the profound impact of Greek culture on Rome, and how the Romans both despised and admired the Greeks. Witness the founding of the Byzantine Empire, its flourishing of scholarship and theology, and the major role of Islamic scholars in preserving and disseminating Greek learning.

36 min
Modern Ideas of Ancient Greece

07: Modern Ideas of Ancient Greece

With the fall of Constantinople in 1453, learn how the Greeks fared under Ottoman rule. Then trace the processes through which Europe rediscovered classical antiquity. Grasp the philosophical spirit of the Renaissance, which brought a sudden interest in the ancient Greeks. Chart the huge influence of Greek mythology on Western art, and how Greek literature was widely disseminated in the West.

31 min
The Birth of the Greek Nation-State

08: The Birth of the Greek Nation-State

Here, follow the struggle of the Greeks under the Ottomans, which became a bloody political movement for Greek independence. See how European intellectuals, artists, and Europe’s major powers supported the movement, leading to the founding of the nation-state of Greece in 1830. Track Greece’s territorial expansion through the ensuing century, and its tumultuous modern history up to the present.

36 min
Greek Mythology: Monsters and Misfits

09: Greek Mythology: Monsters and Misfits

Delve into the nature and roles of mythology in Greek civilization. Explore the subject matter of Greek myths, as they figure in literature and art. Contemplate the function of mythology, as it helped the Greeks interpret the world and come to terms with the dark side of human experience. In particular, study the figure of the hero, and the features and meaning of the hero’s journey.

27 min
Greek Religion: Dangerous Gods, Tricky Heroes

10: Greek Religion: Dangerous Gods, Tricky Heroes

For the ancient Greeks, every human activity contained a religious dimension. Examine the underlying worldview of the Greeks’ polytheistic religious beliefs, and where we find it represented in literature. Look at each of the major Greek gods, and their characteristic roles and qualities. Grasp the very human moral and psychological attributes of the gods, and what constituted piety and impiety.

30 min
The Sensuality of Greek Sculpture

11: The Sensuality of Greek Sculpture

The sublime sculpture of the ancient Greeks is among their most enduring cultural artifacts. Study the six periods of Greek sculpture, from the Archaic through the Classical and Hellenistic. In each, look at masterful examples, noting how the practice of sculpture constantly evolved. Take account of sculptural techniques, and how the sculptors achieved such sensual appeal and expressive power.

31 min
The Perfection of Greek Architecture

12: The Perfection of Greek Architecture

Study the primary forms of Greek architecture, which emblemize Greek civilization and have profoundly impacted architecture in the West. Visit the Acropolis of Athens as the ancient Greeks would have seen it; take in the magnificent features of the Parthenon, as well as those of other temples and civic structures. Learn also about Greek domestic architecture, house plans, and town planning.

32 min
The Monumentality of Greek Painting

13: The Monumentality of Greek Painting

Encounter the major styles of Greek vase painting, in examples by master painters such as the Dipylon Master and Exekias, noting their remarkable iconography portraying social ritual, war, and mythological scenes. Learn about black and red figure technique, the use of incised decoration and brushwork, and the superlative qualities of Greek painting in both conception and realization.

33 min
Homer’s Humanity: The Epic Experience

14: Homer’s Humanity: The Epic Experience

In exploring the genius of Homer, learn first about the features and tradition of epic poetry. In key excerpts from the Iliad, grasp Homer’s great humanity and insight into the human condition. See how the Iliad functions as a meditation on mortality, war, idealism, and loss, and how the Odyssey comprises a journey of self-realization. Witness Homer’s enduring influence in the modern world.

32 min
Greek Theater: Producing and Staging Plays

15: Greek Theater: Producing and Staging Plays

Uncover the origins of Greek drama, and how it evolved into the form of a chorus and masked actors. Learn about early theater festivals; the elements of a Greek theater; and how plays were selected, financed, and performed. Finally, study the rituals of theater going, the use of key theatrical devices and stage machinery, and the story of how the Greeks’ iconic plays survived into the modern era.

30 min
Greek Drama: Laughter and Tears

16: Greek Drama: Laughter and Tears

In this second look at Greek drama, examine individual plays that epitomize the genre of tragedy, such as Aeschylus’s Oresteia and Prometheus Bound, Sophocles’s Antigone and Oedipus the King, and Euripides’s Trojan Women and Medea. Explore the nature of tragedy, its meaning for audiences and existential function in the Greek world. Then investigate the sublime comic plays of Aristophanes.

32 min
Greek Politics, Law, and Public Speaking

17: Greek Politics, Law, and Public Speaking

Radical, participatory democracy was established in Athens in the 5th century B.C.E. Study the mindset and features of Athenian democracy, as it empowered every citizen to speak and vote, and required citizens to participate in civic affairs. Assess ancient and modern critiques of Greek democracy. Then study ancient Athenian legal practice, highlighting the system of trial by jury.

30 min
Greek Historians: The Birth of History

18: Greek Historians: The Birth of History

Take the measure of two of ancient Greece’s greatest historians. Begin with the work of Herodotus, often called the “father of history”; grasp the qualities of his history writing, and how he established the first principle of historiography: impartiality. Continue with Thucydides, credited with establishing the discipline of scientific history and the political theory of Realpolitik.

31 min
Greek Philosophy: Man and Nature

19: Greek Philosophy: Man and Nature

Look into the origins of the great philosophical tradition within ancient Greece, and the contributions of the early, pre-Socratic philosophers. Then examine the work of the philosophical giants Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, taking account of the core ideas, the teaching methods, and the influence of each. Conclude by exploring two major Greek philosophical traditions: Stoicism and Epicureanism.

32 min
Greek Science: Discovery and Controversy

20: Greek Science: Discovery and Controversy

Investigate the many contributions to science of the ancient Greeks, as well as the great obstacles to free inquiry that early scientists faced. Study Greek achievements in astronomy, followed by medicine, highlighting the methods and doctrines of the Hippocratic school. Also learn about the cult of the healing god Asclepius, in which rational inquiry and faith healing existed side by side.

33 min
The Greek Way of Waging War

21: The Greek Way of Waging War

The art of war was integral to ancient Greek culture. Delve into warfare as portrayed in the Iliad, observing the highly ritualistic nature of Homeric combat. Continue with the classical warfare of the hoplites; phalanxes of heavily armed soldiers; and learn about hoplite tactics, strategy, and weaponry. Study Athens’s mighty naval forces, and assess the changing rules of battlefield conduct.

32 min
Greek Language, Literacy, and Writing

22: Greek Language, Literacy, and Writing

Examine the structure of the ancient Greek language, how it embodies and expresses thought, and how common linguistic devices express the Greek mindset. Learn about the evolution of writing in Greece, and the wealth of information available to us from ancient papyri. Finally, take account of literacy in ancient Greece, and our indebtedness to literate slaves who were copyists and transcribers.

31 min
Eating and Drinking among the Greeks

23: Eating and Drinking among the Greeks

As a final perspective on Greek culture, take a spirited look at Greek food and drink across the ages. Observe how the ancient Greeks ate, considering their diet, meal rituals, staple foods, and a signature Spartan dish. Learn about Greek food today, sampling a spectrum of standout dishes and traditional foods and wines. Then, visualize an ancient “symposium,” or traditional drinking party.

30 min
What Does Greece Mean to Us Today?

24: What Does Greece Mean to Us Today?

Begin this final lecture by reviewing criticisms leveled against the ancient Greeks, and aspects of Greek society which are “hot button” issues for the modern world, such as the repression of women and the elitist nature of their society. Conclude with five compelling reasons for studying the Greeks, from their areas of unsurpassed excellence to the beauty and wonder of their civilization.

32 min