Rise of the Novel: Exploring History’s Greatest Early Works

Take a literary journey over the course of three centuries to see how the novel was born and the many ways it shaped Western literature.
Rise of the Novel: Exploring History’s Greatest Early Works is rated 4.7 out of 5 by 13.
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Rated 5 out of 5 by from A worthwhile listen This course should really have been titled "Rise of the European Novel," since it did not discuss any classic non-European novels that fit its time period, such as Japan's Tale of Genji, published in the 11th century, about which Wikipedia says, "It may be the world's first novel, the first modern novel, the first psychological novel, and the first novel still to be considered a classic" or China's 4 classic novels, Three Kingdoms, Water Margin, Journey to the West and Dream of the Red Chamber, from the 14th and 18th centuries. I also wasn't convinced by the professor's judgment of Middlemarch as the greatest novel written in English. Greater than Moby Dick? Greater than The Great Gatsby? Hah. He didn't give enough explicit reasons for this opinion. Though limited in scope, the course is easy and enjoyable to listen to. I especially appreciated its insights on how stories were changed when adapted to film or opera. The best lecture was the one on Mary Shelley and her much-misunderstood novel Frankenstein. The professor has a good-natured tone throughout the course and a well-modulated voice. This course won't change your life, but I do recommend it if you enjoy literature and are prepared to find the chosen works interesting.
Date published: 2021-05-28
Rated 5 out of 5 by from What a delight What a delight to travel through the centuries with such an erudite and caring teacher. So often I smiled as scenes I knew well were enlarged upon. I look forward to coming back as I reread all of these books, thank you very much
Date published: 2021-01-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Like earning a Masters degree in literature This course has become my Pandemic project. I am taking my time reading each book. It will take a few years to complete this Great Course. I feel well rewarded. I read, and then I feel refreshed by Leo Damrosch's insights. He brings meaning to this noble task. He encouraging me to partake of world literature.
Date published: 2020-11-14
Rated 5 out of 5 by from What a delight this journey has been! This morning I viewed the final episode of the 24 lectures presented by Prof. Leo Danrosch; I've enjoyed every one. He "held me in the palm of his hand" all the way through; delightful. His broad knowledge seems to come from his heart. He sits very still, in the one position, for the entire set of lectures, at the beginning I was concerned the lectures were going to be dull, however it wasn't long before I realised what a treat they promised to be. I was able to immerse myself in every detail he shared; he was very interesting, his presentation gave me access to so many books I knew about but would probably never read. I always wondered what made the famous novels great, and what the stories were about; now I know. I recommend this series to anyone who loves literature, and to anyone who is curious to know what the fuss is about.
Date published: 2020-10-11
Rated 5 out of 5 by from A Wonderful Course This is a wonderful course. It is well-conceived, well-organized, and challengingly rich. It mainly treats English novels, but also includes many European novels, some translated by the same English novelists discussed in the course. The works are placed in their historical and cultural contexts, in their relation to each other, in their reception by their contemporaries as well as later readers and critics, and even in their more recent interpretations by film makers. The PdF “Course Guidebook” provides a framework or outline of main points of each lecture; a quiz following each 6-lecture unit that invites not only recall, but further reflection; and a bibliography with suggested editions, translations, and further readings. The video lectures are densely packed, with not a minute wasted. The professor is erudite, thoughtful, and insightful. His presentation is straightforward and low-key, with no gesticulation or dramatization. It was disconcerting when he faced away, seeming to talk to someone off camera, but when he faced us, it was fun to watch for the twitch of his mouth or eyebrows, or the twinkle in his eye, when he said something witty or humorous. He occasionally shared students’ responses from his live classes, which was interesting; I wish he had also shared which of the 1,500 pages of CLARISSA he required his students to read. I read TOM JONES for this course, and loved it. I now plan to reread MIDDLEMARCH. Overall, I think Professor Damrosch was a great guide for the “journey” he planned and took us on. The one improvement I would wish for is in the visual production: the pattern moving in the background (it looks like a giant screen saver) is distracting. I liked the occasional pictures-- of the English countryside, for example—and wish there were more, and that they stayed on the screen longer. This was my first “Great Course.” It will be “a hard act to follow” for other courses.
Date published: 2020-09-11
Rated 5 out of 5 by from One of the very best! Every aspect of this course exceeded my expectations, and I did not want it to end. From the early days of the courses provided only in audio format, I have enjoyed many years of a multitude of courses, including ones on literature. This was one of the finest. Every lecture was a journey, one shared by Professor Damrosch with clarity, background, cultural norms, character and plot exploration, and literary reviews and references, but also with an affinity for the works and the writers. While lacking any pompous or pedantic tones, Professor Damrosch engages the listener/viewer to join that journey by his articulate, often lyrical, and comprehensive presentation, as well as comparing the novels' development over different eras. His first lecture on DON QUIXOTE altered my own experience of reading it greatly as I had stopped after the First Part, due to my lack of understanding of that era's kind of writing. Now I will start over and continue on through the Second Part, keeping in mind his two lectures. Some works I have not read (TOM JONES) and I will now, again bringing back the lectures as part of the experience. Other reviewers express better than I do why this is superb course. What I can tell you is that all the way through the course I wanted to savor each lecture right up to the last one on MIDDLEMARCH, my favorite novel. His lecture on MIDDLEMARCH stands out as one of the very best, one I will watch again. I will also listen (audio is the only format) to an earlier lecture series by him and read his book on Jonathan Swift. Please do not be put off by any reviews regarding format or how Professor Damrosch delivers his lectures. He is professional, clear, expressive, well paced, and excellent. Audio would be most acceptable for this course, but the video presentation is tastefully atmospheric and beautifully done (including the final music during credits) even with few graphics.
Date published: 2020-08-31
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Boring, simply read lectures! My hopes were hight for this Great Courses lecture series but were dashed almost immediately by the rote reading by the "lecturer," most the time not even looking at the camera. This is the first Great Courses series I have not liked and am appalled by the poor presentation.
Date published: 2020-08-01
Rated 5 out of 5 by from This was first rate in every way - selection of material, presentation style and quality of the comments.
Date published: 2020-07-28
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Overview

In the 24 lectures of Rise of the Novel, you will take a journey from the birth of the novel to the height of the form in the mid-19th century-and better understand what this literary form can tell us about human nature and our unquenchable thirst for great stories. With Professor Emeritus Leo Damrosch of Harvard University as your guide, you will dive into some of the most notable works that helped create and shape the novel over the course of more than three centuries.

About

Leo Damrosch
Leo Damrosch

I think the greatest novels make you all too conscious of people's limitations and wounds.

INSTITUTION

Harvard University

Dr. Leo Damrosch is the Ernest Bernbaum Professor of Literature Emeritus at Harvard University, where he has been teaching since 1989. He earned a B.A. from Yale University, an M.A. from Cambridge University, where he was a Marshall Scholar, and a Ph.D. from Princeton University. At Harvard, Professor Damrosch was named a Harvard College Professor in recognition of distinguished teaching. He has held National Endowment for the Humanities and Guggenheim research fellowships and has also directed National Endowment for the Humanities summer seminars for college teachers. Dr. Damrosch is the author of several books, including Tocqueville's Discovery of America, Samuel Johnson and the Tragic Sense, Symbol and Truth in Blake's Myth, The Imaginative World of Alexander Pope, Fictions of Reality in the Age of Hume and Johnson, and The Sorrows of the Quaker Jesus: James Nayler and the Puritan Crackdown on the Free Spirit. He also published a biography, Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Restless Genius, which was one of five finalists for the 2005 National Book Award in Nonfiction, and won the PEN New England/Winship Award for best work of nonfiction.

By This Professor

Rise of the Novel: Exploring History’s Greatest Early Works

Trailer

Rediscovering the Novel

01: Rediscovering the Novel

Dive into the study of the novel with a look at what defines this particular form and how it emerged from earlier types of storytelling. Novels seek to make sense of human behavior in ways that can be more comprehensible—and more enjoyable—than those we can find in real life. Get an overview of the essential nature of novels versus other literary forms.

32 min
Roman Novels: Satyricon and The Golden Ass

02: Roman Novels: Satyricon and The Golden Ass

Travel back to ancient Rome and look at two works of prose fiction that would influence later writers: The Satyricon and The Golden Ass. Though their structures and tropes are fundamentally different from most modern novels, their impact can be traced through some of the works that later came to define the novel.

28 min
Don Quixote and the Picaresque Novel

03: Don Quixote and the Picaresque Novel

Turn now to the work considered to be the foundational novel in the Western tradition, Don Quixote. Beginning with a look at the picaresque storytelling that prefigures Quixote, you’ll see how the novel fits into a larger literary tradition while it also presented something new that would eventually become the preeminent mode of modern fiction.

32 min
Don Quixote: A Deeper Look

04: Don Quixote: A Deeper Look

Don Quixote is actually two novels in one—with the first part published in 1605 and the second part in 1615, later combined into the single work we recognize today. Examine the ways the second part shows the evolution of the novel through Cervantes’s movement away from the picaresque and into a smoother, more cohesive narrative with deeper themes than the first part.

30 min
La Princesse de Clèves and the French Novel

05: La Princesse de Clèves and the French Novel

La Princesse de Clèves is the first great novel in French and precedes English novels by about 40 years. Here, you will take a look at how a novel written by an aristocratic woman created a benchmark for the novel form. Also, you will examine why its style and psychological assumptions differ dramatically from the later novels that would be inspired by a middle-class reading public and its values.

30 min
The Realistic Novel: Robinson Crusoe

06: The Realistic Novel: Robinson Crusoe

Published in 1719, Robinson Crusoe is a fantasy masquerading as realism. Look at the ways Defoe uses first-person perspective and the trappings of autobiography to craft a character that has achieved an almost mythical status in Western culture. Take a closer look at the structure and style of this influential story and why it became so popular.

31 min
The Satiric Novel: Gulliver’s Travels

07: The Satiric Novel: Gulliver’s Travels

Dive into the satirical journey of Gulliver’s Travels, a work that brilliantly combines novelistic realism and fantasy, to powerful effect. Gulliver also reflects the growing influence of novels, with Jonathan Swift borrowing—and parodying—elements from Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. How did a story involving giants and anthropomorphic horses help shape the novel as we know it?

31 min
Manon Lescaut: A Tale of Passion

08: Manon Lescaut: A Tale of Passion

Originally appended to a much larger work, the tragic French novel Manon Lescaut presents two ways of looking at passion: as self-destructive obsession or as a heroic assertion of transcendent love. Explore how Prevost’s novel looks at the tension between different sets of values in a rapidly changing world and why interpretations of the story—including major operatic adaptations—have shifted over time.

30 min
Joseph Andrews: An Epic Parody

09: Joseph Andrews: An Epic Parody

Shift from the tragic to the comic with a look at Joseph Andrews. Originally conceived as a parody of Samuel Richardson’s popular epistolary novel Pamela, Henry Fielding’s humorous epic took on a creative life of its own through a witty narrator, optimistic viewpoint, and palpable affection for his characters.

31 min
The Psychological Novel: Clarissa

10: The Psychological Novel: Clarissa

In his immense novel Clarissa, Samuel Richardson offers a unique window into the inner experience of individuals as told in their own words. See how this tragic novel, conveyed in a series of letters, allows a deep look into personal psychology while also commenting on the wider society’s changing perspectives on love, marriage, and personal choice.

32 min
The Great Comic Novel: Tom Jones

11: The Great Comic Novel: Tom Jones

Tom Jones is widely considered Henry Fielding’s masterpiece. Both richly imagined and endlessly entertaining, the novel is a comic journey that is rooted in Fielding’s optimistic view of human nature. In the first of two lectures on this work, get an introduction to the themes of the novel and how it compares to other works from the same period.

32 min
Plot and Structure in Tom Jones

12: Plot and Structure in Tom Jones

In this second lecture on Tom Jones, continue your examination of Fielding’s techniques and intentions as Tom hits the road on a series of picaresque-inspired adventures. Explore how the many secondary storylines are integrated into the fabric of the larger story, with a surprise ending that encourages us to ponder how we interpret the events of our own lives.

30 min
Philosophical Satire in France: Candide

13: Philosophical Satire in France: Candide

Together with Gulliver’s Travels, Candide ranks among the greatest satires ever written. This witty, overtly artificial novel takes jabs at both political and religious authority through a series of deliberately implausible events. Reveal the philosophy that underpins Voltaire’s work as you look at episodes from this influential story.

30 min
Comic Travel Letters: Humphry Clinker

14: Comic Travel Letters: Humphry Clinker

Turn now to The Expedition of Humphry Clinker, which combines different elements—travel narrative, family drama, epistolary character study—to create a narrative that gives multiple perspectives on shared experiences. See how this comic novel uses satire to examine relationships, morality, religion, and more with surprising depth and candor.

30 min
English Metafiction: Tristram Shandy

15: English Metafiction: Tristram Shandy

How does a plotless, metafictional narrative full of digressions become a cult hit and a precursor to modernist fiction? Look at the ways Lawrence Sterne plays with language and the structure of the novel itself to create an exuberant work full of double entendres, bizarre circumstances, and heartfelt emotion to create the indelible Tristram Shandy.

31 min
French Metafiction: Jacques the Fatalist and His Master

16: French Metafiction: Jacques the Fatalist and His Master

Inspired by Tristram Shandy, Denis Diderot set out to create a deeper and more challenging metafiction in Jacques the Fatalist and His Master. Discover why this ambitious novel was not published in the author’s lifetime, as you explore the ways it critiques the social and philosophical issues of his day and blurs the boundaries between author and reader.

28 min
The French Romantic Novel: Julie

17: The French Romantic Novel: Julie

Begin your exploration of Jean Jacques Rousseau’s novel Julie, or the New Eloisa by relating it to his brilliant social and political theories. Then, explore the searching examination of love and friendship that made this the most popular novel of the entire 18th century.

31 min
The Amoral Novel: Les Liaisons dangereuses

18: The Amoral Novel: Les Liaisons dangereuses

Les Liaisons dangereuses is an amoral book with a moral message—namely, to offer a critique of the selfish cruelty of the French aristocracy in the 18th century. Professor Damrosch shows how Laclos uses the epistolary form to create uncertainty rather than reveal truth as he constructs a story of sociopathic manipulation and cruelty.

30 min
Pride and Prejudice: The Best English Novel?

19: Pride and Prejudice: The Best English Novel?

One of the most beloved novels of all time, Pride and Prejudice shows a master novelist at work. See how Jane Austen revolutionized third-person perspective by ingeniously merging it with the consciousness of individual characters. Then, dive into the social and economic context of the novel and what it has to say about women’s inner lives and struggles.

30 min
Emma: Better Than the Best English Novel?

20: Emma: Better Than the Best English Novel?

Take another look at the work of Jane Austen, this time with her comedic coming-of-age novel Emma. Ostensibly the story of a rich girl who spends her time meddling in other people’s lives, Emma masterfully uses setting, character, and free indirect discourse to show an intelligent heroine learning how to truly know herself and better understand the people around her.

30 min
The German Romantic Novel: The Sorrows of Young Werther

21: The German Romantic Novel: The Sorrows of Young Werther

Turn now to 18th-century Germany for a look at a novel that would become an international sensation: The Sorrows of Young Werther. Through this work, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe would capture the disaffection of a generation of young people and create a new movement in literature, a genre of rebellion against conformity that would become Romanticism.

31 min
The Horror Novel: Frankenstein

22: The Horror Novel: Frankenstein

Few could have guessed that a horror story written by a teenage girl would become a powerful myth with global impact, but that is exactly what Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein did. Travel back to 1816, the “year without a summer,” to trace the origins and influence of this iconic novel as an exploration of philosophy, science, and the eternal human battle with mortality.

32 min
A French Masterpiece: The Red and the Black

23: A French Masterpiece: The Red and the Black

Stendhal, a former military administrator and diplomat, published The Red and the Black in 1830. The novel is a challenging, many-layered narrative that was too new and too experimental to be popular in its own time. Look at the ways Stendhal interrogates French society after the fall of Napoleon and uses irony to confront the conformity and ambitions he saw as detrimental to personal happiness.

31 min
An English Masterpiece: Middlemarch

24: An English Masterpiece: Middlemarch

George Eliot’s Middlemarch is regarded by many as the greatest novel in the English language. A story about choices and human relationships, it explores the limitations that can shape a human life in unexpected—and sometimes tragic—ways. Bring your study of the novel to an end with a look at why this sprawling, emotionally rich story is so often considered the height of the novel form.

32 min