01: Introduction & Surface Preparation
Meet your instructor, professional woodworking teacher Alan Turner, and learn how to properly prepare wood surfaces in advance of finishing. Learn how to sharpen and use a cabinet scraper to smooth surfaces, then pick up tips for sanding, including end-grain, as well as a technique for raising the grain.
Learn why shellac is a great choice as an undercoat or a topcoat as you explore how evaporative finishes work. Alan will share his favorite pre-made shellac and then show how you can make and store your own. Learn how to apply your finish two ways -- with a brush and with a pad-- to apply even finishes free of streaks or runs.
03: Sanding In an Oil/Varnish Mixture
Discover when you would want to finish a piece of wood with an oil/varnish mixture as you learn how these reactive finishes work and how to make your own. Then, Alan offers detailed instruction on how to sand in your finish, creating a slurry that is worked into every grain of wood.
04: Building a Finish With an Oil/Varnish Mixture
Now that you've laid in your base coat, see how you build up your finish one layer at a time. Learn which brushes work best when applying this finish and find out when you would want to pad in your finish using a soft cloth. Finally, learn how to safely handle and dispose of this volatile substance.
05: Gel Varnish
See why gel varnishes are a great finishing option, allowing woodworkers to apply them all over or to a small, damaged area if desired. Then, you'll learn the proper techniques for applying gel varnishes, pick up troubleshooting tips and see how to remove excess varnish for a smooth, even finish every time.
06: Waterborne Finishes
Dive into waterborne finishes as you learn why these low-VOC products are a safe alternative. See how to apply the finish on a variety of woods, even on cabinet doors with molded details.
07: Rubbing Out Your Finish
Once you've applied your finish it's important to rub it out to remove any excess finish and ensure a clean, streak-free appearance. Learn how long you should wait before rubbing out your pieces and discover the proper technique, using steel wool and paste wax.