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England: From the Fall of Rome to the Norman Conquest

From the waves of migration to the flourishing of arts and literature, delve into the remarkable story of Anglo-Saxon England.

England: From the Fall of Rome to the Norman Conquest is rated 4.9 out of 5 by 60.
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Rated 5 out of 5 by from Clarity & depth J Paxton is at her usual high standard. Interesting yet detailed. Her personality comes across despite, I sense, some movement limitations. I look foreword to more lectures by her.
Date published: 2022-09-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great History! As an American I took European history in high school. But had little education dating so far back. It was really interesting to learn about how people lived back then and how they grew as a people and a culture.
Date published: 2022-09-20
Rated 5 out of 5 by from England from the Fall of Rome to the Norman conque I thoroughly enjoyed this course! It was easy to follow because the speaker is well organised, speaks slowly and clearly, and remains focused on her subject. Jennifer Paxton is extremely well informed about her subject, which she obviously enjoys. The course is rich in detail, so much so that I sometimes had to replay areas to get the facts established. All the strange names were occasionally difficult to assimilate, but Ms. Paxton was aware of this, and skipped over a few. I shall listen to this course several times more, as I am sure that I shall gain new knowledge each time
Date published: 2022-09-18
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great sound. Outstanding acoustics. She speaks very distinctly and the sound is wonderful. The subject matter is very well explained, and most interesting and informative.
Date published: 2022-08-27
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Scholarly but not intimidating. My wife and I are somewhat addicted to an English TV series called “Time Team” which features a group of archeologists who travel throughout Britain excavating sites from many thousands of years ago to the 19 th century. That, combined with a generalized Anglophilia made this course an obvious fit. It deals with the period often referred to as the “ dark ages”, a time I’ve long been interested but not always successful in researching. Professor Paxton uses scholarly research to illuminate the topic (pun intended) without the uppity attitude that can accompany this kind of discussion. She uses commonly used language to explain not only the facts but the ways this knowledge is arrived at. And, honestly delves into what is not known as well as suggesting what may become fact in the future awaiting upcoming techniques and knowledge. An excellent course up there with dome of my favorites.
Date published: 2022-08-25
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Thoroughly Engaging and Informative Bought this and was drawn to its time period and the ampount of new information impacting the reformulation of the history of the period. The instructor/professor knew her stuff and knew how to present it in a thoroughly engaging, even entertaining fashion. Bravo.
Date published: 2022-08-22
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Interesting and well presented This is an excellent course brought to life by a presenter with a deep knowledge of the subject and an ability to bring just the right balance of academic rigor and anecdotal information to sustain my interest. This course, and others by Professor Paxton, renewed my interest in the Great Courses. Thank you to Professor Paxton and the Great Courses for this!
Date published: 2022-08-20
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Riveting narrative, lucid analysis Jennifer Paxton's "England: From the Fall of Rome to the Norman Conquest" includes a riveting narrative of events and a lucid analysis of their causes and consequences. In several of her earlier series for the Teaching Company, Dr. Paxton's presentation, though always informative and engaging, seemed a bit stiffly formal. In this series, however, her style is conversational, even convivial. She intersperses her narrative of world-historical events with anecdotes that are sometimes poignant, sometimes amusing, sometimes even a bit racy. And the lavish visual illustrations she has selected add vividness and local color to her lectures.
Date published: 2022-08-10
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Overview

England: From the Fall of Rome to the Norman Conquest takes you through the mists of time to the rugged landscape of the British Isles. Over the course of 24 sweeping lectures, Professor Jennifer Paxton, of The Catholic University of America, surveys the forging of a great nation from a series of warring kingdoms and migrating peoples. From Germanic tribes to Viking invasions to Irish missionaries, she brings to life an underexamined time and place.

About

Jennifer Paxton

It was a special joy to me to work with The Great Courses because I was already a longtime customer and fan! I know I had become a better teacher because of my years of listening to the excellent instructors in The Great Courses series.

INSTITUTION

The Catholic University of America

Jennifer Paxton is a Clinical Associate Professor of History at The Catholic University of America. She is also the Associate Dean of Undergraduate Studies and director of the University Honors Program. She was previously a Professorial Lecturer in History at Georgetown University, where she taught for more than a decade. Jennifer received her PhD in History from Harvard University, where she also taught and earned a Certificate of Distinction in Teaching. She is a widely published, award-winning writer and a highly regarded scholar, earning both a Mellon Fellowship in the Humanities and a Frank Knox Memorial Fellowship.

Jennifer lectures regularly at the Smithsonian Institution and serves as an expert on Scotland and Ireland for Smithsonian Journeys. Her research focuses on England from the reign of King Alfred to the late 12th century. She is particularly interested in the intersection between the authority of church and state and the representation of the past in historical texts, especially those produced by religious communities. She is completing a book that examines how monastic historians shaped their narratives to project present polemical concerns onto the past. She is also working on a project that examines changing views of abbatial leadership across the Anglo-Norman world in the 11th and 12th centuries.

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England: From the Fall of Rome to the Norman Conquest

Trailer

Exploring How England Came to Be

01: Exploring How England Came to Be

Step back to Anglo-Saxon England to see what makes this period of history so captivating. After a brief survey of the traditional scholarship across the ages, Professor Paxton outlines how we will be forming our picture of the Anglo-Saxons, including written evidence, literary sources, archaeological artifacts, “paleopathology,” and more.

32 min
The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain

02: The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain

When the Romans arrived in the British Isles, the empire was already on the decline, and it was in the crucible of this decline that England would be forged. Explore the impact of the Romans on Britain, from Hadrian’s Wall to the city of London. Consider the role of Christianity, the state of language, and the collapsing economy during this time.

32 min
The Germanic Migrations to Britain

03: The Germanic Migrations to Britain

Generations of school children have learned about three primary invasions of Germanic people: the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes. Reflect on the accuracy of this narrative, and then see how varying sources as well as DNA and archaeological evidence paints a much more complex picture of Germanic migrations.

31 min
The Britons Resist: The Legend of King Arthur

04: The Britons Resist: The Legend of King Arthur

A survey of medieval Britain might make it seem as though the myriad Germanic migrations were all peaceful, but was there any resistance among the locals? Here, the answer can be viewed through the legendary King Arthur and his knights of the round table. Was he a real person? Who was he based on? And what impact did he have on the history of Britain?

29 min
Everyday Life in 6th-Century Britain

05: Everyday Life in 6th-Century Britain

Pause in this fascinating period between the decline of Roman Britain and the rise of a new Anglo-Saxon order. What was everyday life like for average citizens? Meet some of the ethnic groups that made up 6th century Britain, explore their settlements, and examine some of the era’s hardships that can be seen today in the bones of the people who lived through it.

29 min
The Birth of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms

06: The Birth of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms

Thus far we have seen that thanks to migration and the fusion of Germanic and native British cultures, a coherent population—the Anglo-Saxons—was emerging. The political vacuum left by Rome was filled by a series of smaller kingdoms across England. In this lecture, tour several of these kingdoms and how they came into being.

30 min
The Papal Mission to Britain

07: The Papal Mission to Britain

At the same time that Anglo-Saxon kingdoms took over the political landscape, Christianity was spreading through the population. As you will see, this story of conversion is the story of Christianity coming from Ireland and from continental Europe. Meet Pope Gregory the Great and learn from the Venerable Bede about the spread of Christianity in England.

30 min
Sutton Hoo and the Early Anglo-Saxons

08: Sutton Hoo and the Early Anglo-Saxons

Archaeology is one of the most important ways to study the past, and here you will delve into one of the most iconic sites in the world. On a small hill in Suffolk, the graves at Sutton Hoo can tell us about the people and economy of the early Anglo-Saxons. Professor Paxton offers a fount of information about Sutton Hoo’s discovery and excavation.

30 min
Irish Missionaries and Christianization

09: Irish Missionaries and Christianization

In a previous lecture, we saw how the Romans successfully converted Southeast England to Christianity, but the Northumbrians relapsed. Here, Professor Paxton picks up the story and shows how Irish missionaries played a decisive role in converting the whole of England, solidifying Christianity across the island. Learn about King Edwin, Penda, and others.

30 min
Kings of the North: Northumbria’s Ascent

10: Kings of the North: Northumbria’s Ascent

Delve into the Northumbria region in the 7th century. Here, you will start by considering the ebb and flow of Anglo-Saxon hegemony in the north and northwest. Find out about some of Northumbria’s great leaders, the economy around lifestock and herding, and the importance of the city of York.

30 min
Northumbria’s Century of Renaissance

11: Northumbria’s Century of Renaissance

Continue your study of northern England with an exploration of the so-called Northumbrian Renaissance. Review some of the major literary manuscripts from the period, including early translations of the Gospels into Old English. Then shift your attention to the Venderable Bede, one of English history’s most important scholars.

30 min
Rise of the Midlands: Mercia’s Hegemony

12: Rise of the Midlands: Mercia’s Hegemony

In this lecture, you will transition from Northumbria to the kingdom of Mercia in the midlands. The Mercian hegemony is important to English history because during an era of political expansion and consolidation, Mercia connected England to the European continent. Dig into the reign of two major kings and their role in Mercia’s success.

30 min
Anglo-Saxon Law and Warfare

13: Anglo-Saxon Law and Warfare

You have seen how a series of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms filled the vacuum left by the Romans. In this lecture, you will dive into the role of law and warfare in forging these kingdoms. Find out how war was waged in this period and explore a few military tactics and weapons. Then turn to the rise of legal codes and charters.

29 min
Fury of the Northmen: The Vikings Arrive

14: Fury of the Northmen: The Vikings Arrive

The Vikings—seafaring raiders, settlers, and traders from Scandinavia—burst onto the British scene in the 8th century with terrifying power, and they posed an existential threat to the newly minted Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Witness this invasion and examine how the Vikings helped shape and define the country we know as England.

28 min
Alfred the Great: Defender of England

15: Alfred the Great: Defender of England

In this lecture, Professor Paxton discusses arguably the most important ruler in the history of Anglo-Saxon England. In addition to saving the island from being overrun by Vikings, Alfred the Great kicked off an intellectual and religious renaissance. Here, you will focus on Alfred as a military leader and defender of England.

28 min
Alfred the Great: Builder of Institutions

16: Alfred the Great: Builder of Institutions

Continue your study of Alfred the Great, who in addition to being a great military leader also tended to the spiritual and intellectual well-being of his people. Review Alfred’s efforts at educating the populace, and then watch as he tries to extend the power of Wessex and position himself as the English Charlemagne.

31 min
Beowulf and Anglo-Saxon Literature

17: Beowulf and Anglo-Saxon Literature

Literature is one of the true glories of Anglo-Saxon culture, and perhaps nowhere is this more apparent today than the great poem Beowulf. After giving an overview of Old English poetry, Professor Paxton revels in the adventures of the warrior Beowulf and his story of mayhem and plunder.

31 min
Together at Last: Wessex Unites England

18: Together at Last: Wessex Unites England

After the death of Alfred the Great, the major question was whether his successors would be able to build on his legacy. Go back to 10th century England to meet the rulers of this new kingdom, which was beginning to coalesce into a united “England.” Explore the uniformity of law and administration that was emerging.

30 min
Monastic Reform: A Tale of Three Saints

19: Monastic Reform: A Tale of Three Saints

As you have seen, political change often paralleled religious upheaval. In the middle of the 10th century, while the kings of Wessex were forging a united England, a trio of monks took over leadership of the church and instituted a number of reforms. Meet the bishops and archbishops who led these monastic changes.

29 min
The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art

20: The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art

England in the 10th century enjoyed both peace and prosperity, which created a golden age of art. From lavishly illustrated manuscripts and precious metal engravings to paintings and lavish textiles, this period saw visual triumphs in every medium. See some of the masterpieces that have survived and learn about the story behind them.

30 min
Unfinished Business: The Vikings Return

21: Unfinished Business: The Vikings Return

As is the case in all of history, peace and prosperity only last so long. In the 10th century, trouble began in England around who would succeed Edgar the Peaceable. In the wake of this succession crisis, the Vikings returned and struck with great force. Delve into this bloody invasion and gain a sense of an England beseiged.

31 min
Cnut the Great and the Danish Conquest

22: Cnut the Great and the Danish Conquest

After years of strife, 1016 was a momentous year in English history. Witness the events that led to the Danish invasion, and see how these new conquerors successfully ruled for several decades. Find out how King Cnut reshaped the English aristocracy, and then explore the fallout of the succession crisis after his death.

31 min
1066 and the Norman Conquest

23: 1066 and the Norman Conquest

By the 1060s, England had faced nearly a century of political tumult. A series of succession crises eventually led to William, Duke of Normandy, invading England at Hastings. King Harold rushed to defend the city, but the Battle of Hastings changed the course of English history. Go inside this world-shaping moment.

31 min
Aftermath: From Anglo-Saxon to English

24: Aftermath: From Anglo-Saxon to English

This course began with the arrival of new settlers who transformed Britain. Here, the course ends with the last gasps of English resistance against Normans in the 11th century. Meet the rebels and witness the battles that led to a new synthesis of Norman and English cultures, resulting in what would become one of the most stable and enduring kingdoms in Europe.

32 min